- Straining, discomfort or vocalisation when urinating
- Frequent urination
- Blood in urine
- Licking his prepuce
- Urinating in unusual places
- Straining without producing urine (blocked bladder) – this is a true medical emergency. This is commonly referred to as a ‘blocked cat’. If you are concerned you may have a blocked cat, please contact us immediately.
The cause of FLUTD is not known, and research is ongoing. There is, however, an increased risk in middle-age to older male cats, in cats being overweight and in cats being less active.
Unfortunately, FLUTD is a life-long problem that cannot be cured. However, there are guidelines (from the American Association of Feline Practitioners http://www.catvets.com) to help reduce recurrence:
- Feed small meals on a frequent basis.
- For cats with a history of struvite crystals, a special prescription diet is available. Owners should feed this diet, as it promotes the formation of urine that is acidic. Most commercial diets meet these criteria. For the other type of crystals, calcium oxalate, prescription diets are not generally required.
- Avoid supplementing such diets with additional urinary acidifiers, because over-acidification can cause metabolic acidosis, impaired kidney function, and mineral imbalance.
- Provide clean, fresh water at all times.
- Provide an adequate number of litter boxes (usually one more than the number of cats in the household).
- Keep litter boxes in quiet, safe areas of the house.
- Keep litter boxes clean